A hernia occurs when part of an internal organ bulges through a weak area of muscle. Most hernias occur in the abdomen. There are several types of hernias, including:
• Inguinal, the most common type is in the groin.
• Umbilical, around the belly button.
• Incision, through a scar.
• Hiatus, a small opening in the diaphragm that allows the upper part of the stomach to move up into the chest.
• A birth defect that needs surgery.
Hernias are common. They can affect all, men, women and children. A combination of muscle weakness and straining, such as with heavy lifting, might contribute to it. Some people are born with weak abdominal muscles and are more likely to get a hernia.
The usual treatment for a hernia is surgery to repair the opening in the muscle wall. Untreated hernias can cause pain and health problems.
Usually, there is no obvious cause of a hernia. Sometimes hernias occur with heavy lifting, sometimes while using the toilet, or any activity that raises the pressure inside the abdomen. Hernias may be present at birth, but the bulge may not be noticeable. It may come to notice after some time. Some patients may have a family history of hernias.
Hernias can also be seen in infants and children. This happens when there is weakness in the abdominal wall. Some children may not have symptoms until they are adults.
Any activity or medical problem that increases pressure on the abdominal wall tissue and muscles may lead to a hernia, it includes:
• Chronic constipation, straining to have bowel movements
• Chronic cough
• straining to urinate
• Extra weight
• Fluid in the abdomen
• Heavy lifting
• Poor nutrition
What are the symptoms of hernia?
Most often there are no symptoms of hernia. However, at times there may be discomfort or pain. The pain may be worse when you stand, strain, or lift heavy objects. In time, most people will complain about a growth that feels tender and is growing.
Although a hernia may only cause mild discomfort, it may get bigger. If this occurs, you will need urgent surgery.
The growth of the tissue may increase in size when you cough, bend, lift, or strain.
What is the treatment for hernia?
Surgery is the only treatment that can permanently cure a hernia. Surgery may be more risky for patients with more serious medical problems. If the hernia is small and not causing symptoms, you may just need to watch it to make sure it is not growing or causing problems. If it is growing, consult your doctor.
Surgery will usually be used for hernias that:
• Are growing.
• Are painful.
• Cannot be reduced without surgery.
• May involve a trapped piece of bowel.
Surgery secures the weakened abdominal wall tissue and closes any holes. Hernias cannot be cured with medicines alone. Surgery is the only remedy to get rid of hernia.
The writer of this article is associated with BookMyDoctor.com and writing about the various diseases since a long time, in this article the writer mainly focused on the causes of hernia
treatment of hernia, and primary symptoms of hernia
and about the various treatment of hernia
causes of hernia that a patient can feel during this disease